Express Entry Overview
The most popular immigration system offering permanent residency in Canada, Canada Express Entry, was implemented by the federal government in January 2015 to replace the traditional “first come, first served” process.
Express Entry is an online system designed to manage Canada’s immigration application intake. It is not an immigration program itself.
Applicants who meet the requirements can submit an online profile known as an Expression of Interest (EOI) to the Express Entry Pool under one of three federal Canad immigration programs or a participating provincial immigration program.
Candidates’ profiles are ranked against one another using the Comprehensive Ranking Method, which is a points-based system (CRS). The individuals with the best scores will be considered for an invitation to apply (ITA) for permanent residency. Those who receive an ITA must submit a complete application and pay the processing fees within 60 days of receiving the ITA.
The federal government is to complete all PR applications in six months.
Express Entry for Skilled Immigration
In order to become permanent residents of Canada, skilled immigration applicants can use Canada’s Express Entry system. Express Entry is a system that manages skilled immigration applications and approves individuals who are most likely to succeed in settling in Canada and contributing to the economy.
The Express Entry system is expected to process 80 percent of applications within six months, according to immigration officials. Furthermore, there is no deadline for applicants to finish their profiles. In addition, there is no limit on the number of Express Entry applications that can be accepted. The numbers are chosen each year, however, will be determined by Canada’s annual immigration levels.
Applicants for permanent residency under one of four economic immigration programs can use the Express Entry system to apply.
- Federal Skilled Worker Program
- Federal Skilled Trades Program
- Canada Experience Class Program
- Provincial Nominee Program
There are two processes to applying for permanent residency through the Express Entry system.
Step 1: Create a profile for online express entry.
Applicants will use their online Express Entry profiles to inform Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada with information about:
- Personal information which is essential to the applicant’s evaluation
- Language skills
- Experience in the workplace
- Other skills
Those who match the requirements of one of the three skilled immigration programs described above will be placed in a pool of applicants. It’s crucial to remember that being accepted into the pool does not guarantee that you’ll be invited to apply for permanent residency (ITA). The variables stated below will determine whether or not you receive an ITA.
Applicants with a job offer that is backed up by a Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) will have a better chance of getting an ITA. A candidate will have 60 days from the time he or she receives an ITA to fill an online application for permanent residency.
Candidates who do not acquire an ITA have a year to remain in the pool. Candidates must open a new online Express Entry Profile after 12 months in the pool. Candidates will be able to open a new profile only if they continue to meet the requirements for the skilled immigration program they have chosen.
Invitations to Apply for Permanent Residence (ITAs)
Those who get an Invitation to Apply (ITA) can apply for permanent residency in Canada. Applicants who obtain an ITA will also receive an email from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) with information on which skilled immigration program to apply for and how to apply for permanent residency.
It’s crucial to remember that having an ITA does not guarantee that an applicant will be approved as a permanent residence. A candidate must submit a fully completed application for permanent residency after acquiring an ITA. Whether or not the applicant fits the applicable requirements will determine whether or not this application is accepted.
Note: If you obtain an ITA, you may be requested to prove that the information you put into your Express Entry profile is correct. If it is discovered that the applicant provided incorrect information in his or her profile, the application will be denied, and the applicant may face additional consequences, such as:
Being deemed ineligible for entry into Canada. For a period of five years, you will be prohibited from entering Canada in any way.
Applicants who receive an ITA have 60 days to submit a permanent residency application. Applicants should make sure to fulfill the following tasks over the 60-day period:
1. Review the results of the language test
Applicants should double-check that their language test result is valid when they submit their permanent residency application. The results of a language test are valid for two years. If the test results will expire before the application deadline, candidates should not submit their applications. It is a good idea that they take a test once again or make sure they submit their application by the deadline, or the results will expire.
2. Obtain a police clearance certificate
Permanent residents and any family members over the age of 18 must get a police certificate. In addition, each family member above the age of 18 must obtain a police certificate from each nation in which they lived for more than six months. Because the processing of these police certificates can take a long period, candidates should begin getting them as soon as possible.
3. Review the program’s prerequisites
Applicants should confirm that they match the following qualifications once they’ve decided which skilled immigration program they’ll apply to:
- Federal Skilled Worker Program
- Federal Skilled Trade Program
- Canada Experience Class
4. Keep your personal information updated
Applicants whose personal circumstances have changed since receiving an ITA should reassess their Comprehensive Ranking System score. It is suggested that an applicant decline the ITA if their new score is lower than the minimum score selected in the same draw.
If an applicant applies for permanent residency and it is revealed that their score has dropped below the required level, their application will be denied, and their application fee will not be returned. The following changes can lower an applicant’s score:
- Absence of a job offer
- Absence of provincial nomination for permanent residency
- Expired language test scores
- New language test results that are lower than prior results
Note: Including a spouse or common-law partner might boost or lower an applicant’s score depending on the spouse or partner’s:
- Language skills
- Work experience in Canada
Applicants who do not apply for permanent residency within 60 days of receiving their ITA will be withdrawn from the candidate pool. In order to receive a fresh ITA, applicants who have been withdrawn from the pool must create a new Express Entry profile to be approved into the pool again.
5. Refusing to Accept an Invitation to Apply
As seen above, candidates may be better benefited by declining their ITA in some instances. If they are still qualified for the Express Entry system, applicants who decline their ITAs will be placed back in the pool of candidates. Applicants should keep their personal information up to date while in the pool.
In addition, candidates in the pool should look for ways to improve their Comprehensive Ranking Points Score by:
- Getting a job offer
- Obtaining a provincial government nomination for permanent residency
- Improving their language test scores
Declining an ITA has no bearing on an applicant’s chances of receiving another ITA in the future.
Candidates who do not accept or decline an invitation to apply will be withdrawn from the Express Entry pool.
Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)
All skilled immigration applicants who are qualified for the Express Entry System will be placed in a candidate pool. The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) is then used to rank candidates in the Express Entry pool. The CRS is used to select who will be invited to apply for permanent residency from the pool of applicants.
The CRS is a point-based system that assigns a score to a candidate based on their profile information. Candidates in the pool can be rated against each other using these scores. The following factors are used to assign points to applicants:
- Proof of language
- Work experience in Canada
- The applicant’s spouse or common-law partner’s language skills, education, and employment experience in Canada
- Validated job offer
- Nomination for permanent residency by the provincial government
- Siblings in Canada
- Certain combinations of language skills, education, and work experience increase the applicant’s chances of getting a job (skill transferability).
Applicants will be granted a score out of a possible 1,200 points based on these variables. During period of drawings, the top-ranked applicants will receive an invitation to apply for permanent residency (ITA).
The CRS gives priority to candidates who are most likely to successfully settle in Canada and have a good economic impact. As a result, having a job offer or a province nomination for permanent residency will boost an applicant’s score significantly.
All other job offers (NOC O, A, B) are worth 50 points, but having an approved employment offer in a managerial position (National Occupation Classification 00) is worth 200 points. Both point distributions will considerably improve a candidate’s profile.
A candidate will receive 600 points if they are nominated by a provincial government. The distribution of points nearly always ensures that an applicant will be invited to apply for permanent residency.
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