Federal Skilled Trades Program

Federal Skilled Trades Program Overview

Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) began accepting applications for permanent residency under the Federal Skilled Trades Program on January 2nd, 2013. The program is quota-based, with a cap of 3000 applications per year and sub-quotas in many of the 43 occupations addressed.


The Federal Skilled Trades Class evaluates applicants on a pass/fail basis, with applicants having to meet the following four requirements:

  1. Have offers of employment in an eligible skilled trade (NOC Skill level B) from one or two Canadian companies for at least one year, OR hold certification of qualification for that trade from a Canadian provincial or territorial regulatory agency;
  2. Provide proof of adequate language skills in one of Canada’s two official languages;
  3. Have worked in a skilled trade for 24 months in the last five years after receiving a trade qualification, if applicable;
  4. Be qualified to meet the standards of the employment offer(s) or trade in Canada, as described by the NOC; The Federal Skilled Trades Class is not accessible to candidates intending to settle in Quebec, which has its own selection authority.

Certification or an Employment Offer

In Canada, trade certification is governed by the provinces. Each province specifies which occupations will be regulated and, when necessary, establishes regulatory bodies. Because provincial certification is generally difficult to get outside of Canada, this program will benefit tradespeople who have received an accepted offer of employment from a recognized company or who are already working in Canada as temporary foreign workers. Not every trade is regulated in every province. When a trade is not regulated, an employment offer is required.

Tradespeople who receive an accepted offer of employment from a Canadian company for one year or more in their trade are also eligible to apply. The job offer will be assessed to ensure that it is in an eligible trade and that hiring will have no negative impact on the Canadian labor market.

Language Requirement

Applicants must demonstrate that they have at least a basic command of the English or French language in each of the four language abilities: speaking, listening, reading, and writing. To determine proficiency, only test results from a CIC-approved language testing organization will be accepted.

The IELTS for English and the TEF for French are two of the most widely used language tests. In each language ability, applicants must earn the following scores:
















Trades and Caps that are eligible on application

Each calendar year, CIC will accept a maximum of 3000 applications in the Federal Skilled Trades Class. There are two types of eligible trades: those who have individual sub-caps of 100 applications and those without a sub-cap.

Up to 100 applications would be allowed in each of the below trades, or until the total Class cap of 3000 applications is reached:

  • 7202 Contractors and supervisors, electrical trades and telecommunications occupations;
  • 7204 Contractors and supervisors, carpentry trades;
  • 7205 Contractors and supervisors, other construction trades, installers, repairers and services;
  • 7271 Carpenters;
  • 7301 Contractors and supervisors, mechanic trades;
  • 7302 Contractors and supervisors, heavy equipment operator crews;
  • 8211 Supervisors, logging and forestry;
  • 8221 Supervisors, mining and quarrying;
  • 8222 Contractors and supervisors, oil and gas drilling services;
  • 8241 Logging machinery operators;
  • 8252 Agricultural service contractors, farm supervisors and specialized livestock workers;
  • 9211 Supervisors, mineral and metal processing;
  • 9212 Supervisors, petroleum, gas and chemical processing and utilities;
  • 9214 Supervisors, plastic and rubber products manufacturing;
  • 9231 Central control and process operators, mineral and metal processing;
  • 9241 Power engineers and power systems operators;
  • 9243 Water and waste treatment plant operators.

Applications will be accepted in the below trades until the total Class cap of 3000 is achieved, with no sub-cap:

  • 7231 Machinists and machining and tooling inspectors;
  • 7233 Sheet metal workers;
  • 7235 Structural metal and plate work fabricators and fitters;
  • 7236 Ironworkers;
  • 7237 Welders and related machine operators;
  • 7241 Electricians (except industrial and power system);
  • 7242 Industrial electricians;
  • 7243 Power system electricians;
  • 7244 Electrical power line and cable workers;
  • 7245 Telecommunications line and cable workers;
  • 7246 Telecommunications installation and repair workers;
  • 7251 Plumbers;
  • 7252 Steamfitters, pipefitters and sprinkler system installers;
  • 7253 Gas fitters;
  • 7311 Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics;
  • 7312 Heavy-duty equipment mechanics;
  • 7313 Refrigeration and air conditioning mechanics;
  • 7314 Railway carmen/women;
  • 7315 Aircraft mechanics and aircraft inspectors;
  • 7318 Elevator constructors and mechanics;
  • 7371 Crane operators;
  • 7372 Drillers and blasters – surface, mining, quarrying and construction;
  • 7373 Water well drillers;
  • 8231 Underground production and development miners;
  • 8232 Oil and gas well drillers, servicers, testers and related workers;
  • 9232 Petroleum, gas and chemical process operators;

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