Sponsorship

Family Sponsorship

Family Sponsorship Overview

You can sponsor certain family members to become Canadian permanent residents if you are a Canadian citizen or permanent resident who is 18 years old or older. Your relative will be able to live, study, and work in Canada after that.

The following are the basic prerequisites for family sponsorship:

To become a sponsor, follow these steps:

  1. You must be at least 18 years old.
  2. You must be a Canadian citizen, a permanent resident, or a person who is registered as an Indian in Canada under the Indian Act.
  3. You and the sponsored relative must sign a sponsorship agreement in which you undertake to support your relative financially if necessary. In addition, the agreement states that the individual who becomes a permanent resident would make every effort to sustain himself or herself.
  4. Additional responsibilities may be enforced depending on the individual you sponsor.

You can sponsor the following people:

  1. A conjugal partner, a spouse, or a common-law partner
  2. Children who are reliant on you
  3. Your grandparents and parents
  4. Your orphaned brothers or sisters, nephews or nieces, granddaughters or grandsons who are under the age of 18 and are not married or in a common-law relationship
  5. Another relative of any age or relationship but only under certain circumstances
  6. Some of the above-mentioned relatives’ relatives

-Spouse: If you are married to your sponsor and your marriage is legally valid, you are a spouse.

-Common-law: If you have been living together in a conjugal relationship for at least one year, you are a common-law partner, whether you are of opposite sex or same sex (a 12-month period that was not interrupted). You’ll need documentation that you and your common-law partner have merged your finances and started a family.

-Conjugal partner: this group includes partners of the same or opposite sex who were unable to live together due to unusual circumstances beyond their control and hence do not qualify as common-law partners or spouses.

-Dependent Children: When a youngster is dependent on his or her father or mother, he or she:

  • is under the age of 22 and has never married or had a common-law partner;
  • is over the age of 22 and has relied heavily on a parent’s financial support since before the age of 22 due to a medical or mental condition.

Work Permit for Spouse

While their immigration applications are being processed, spouses and common-law partners in Canada may be allowed to work under the Spousal Work Permit Pilot Program.

Eligible applicants must apply under the Spouse or Common-Law Partner in Canada category and keep a valid temporary status as a visitor, student, or worker in Canada.

This is now a Pilot Program, but once the regulatory changes take effect, Immigration Canada will make it permanent.

Obligations of Sponsorship

From the day they enter Canada until the term of the undertaking expires, all sponsors must sign an undertaking to supply the sponsored individual with the minimum necessities. The undertaking is a contract between the sponsor(s) and CIC, in which the sponsor agrees to reimburse the government for any social assistance payments made to the sponsored person. Even if circumstances change, such as marriage breakup, separation, divorce, or a financial change in circumstances, sponsors are still bound by the undertaking agreement for the duration of the contract.

A sponsor must sign an undertaking to compensate the federal or provincial governments for a period of three (3) years from the date they become a permanent residence in the event of a spouse, common-law partner, or conjugal partner.

If the sponsor or his or her husband, common-law partner, or conjugal partner has a dependent child under the age of 22, the duty begins on the day the child becomes a permanent resident of Canada for a term of ten years or until the kid reaches the age of 22, whichever comes first. The duration of this effort varies in the province of Quebec.

The obligation of the sponsor or his or her husband, common-law partner, or conjugal partner to support a dependent kid above the age of 22 years begins on the day the dependent child becomes a permanent resident and lasts for three (3) years.

The sponsorship responsibility for parents and grandparents extends for a period of 20 years from the moment the member of the family class becomes a permanent resident. The responsibility lasts for ten years for all additional family members.

While a sponsor’s obligation to reimburse the state for benefits received by his or her relatives can be deferred in some instances, it cannot be completely eliminated.

Sponsors that reside outside of Canada

Canadian citizens living outside of Canada may sponsor their spouse, common-law partner, conjugal partner, or dependent children without dependent children who have not been convicted of a homicide, as long as they can show that they will live in Canada after the sponsored persons become permanent residents.

Permanent residents who live outside of Canada are unable to sponsor their family members who live in Canada. During the sponsorship process, they must stay in Canada.

In addition, if a spouse or common-law partner in Canada is cohabiting in Canada, they may file an in-Canada application to sponsor their spouse or common-law partner; otherwise, the application must be filed through a visa office. These are places where sponsors face a variety of complexity and obstacles.

Sponsors And Sponsored Persons In Quebec

Sponsor (guarantor): If you are a Canadian citizen or permanent resident living in Quebec, you are at least 18 years old, and you meet the requirements, you can sponsor a close relative who has not been convicted of causing physical harms.

 

Person who is being sponsored (a close relative): You may help by sponsoring:

  • your conjugal partner, common-law partner, or spouse
  • your dependent child
  • your father, mother, grandfather, or grandmother — Additional requirements would be applied
  • your orphaned brother, sister, nephew, niece, grandchild, or granddaughter who is under the age of 18 and not married or in a common-law relationship
  • a child you intend to adopt (international adoption)

Parent and Grandparent Sponsorship

Parent and Grandparent Sponsorship Overview

The Parents and Grandparents Program (PGP) permits Canadian citizens and permanent residents living outside of Quebec to sponsor their parents and/or grandparents to become Canadian permanent residents.

Under the PGP, the federal government’s immigration levels plan now targets an annual intake of 23,500 new permanent residents.

 

Process for the Parents and Grandparents Program:

 

The PGP is administered by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).

Before being placed in a pool, citizens and permanent residents must fill out an Interest to Sponsor form.

IRCC selects applicants at random from the pool and sends out Invitations to Apply.

After that, the sponsors, their parents, and grandparents have 60 days to submit a complete application.

Who Can Sponsor Their Parents Or Grandparents?

Sponsors are required to:

  • You must be at least 18 years old to participate.
  • You must live in Canada.
  • Be a Canadian citizen, permanent resident, or an Indian who is under the Canadian Indian Act.
  • Have enough money to sustain those they want to sponsor for the preceding three years by achieving minimal income requirements. Candidates can submit an application with a co-signer, allowing the combined income to be evaluated.

 

Sponsors are also required to:

 

Agree to financially assist the parent or grandparent for a period of 20 years after their permanent residency application is accepted.

During that time, reimburse the government for any social assistance payments made to the parent or grandparent.

Sponsors from the province of Quebec

After being recognized as a sponsor by IRCC, sponsors who live in Quebec must complete the Quebec immigration sponsoring standards. The Ministry of Immigration, Francisation, and Integration (MIFI) examines the sponsor’s financial situation and needs a signed agreement.

 

Who Can Be Sponsored Through the Parents and Grandparents Program?

 

  • Citizens and permanent residents who are related by blood or adoption can sponsor their own parents and grandparents.
  • The spouses or common-law partners of parents and grandparents are also eligible in circumstances of divorce or separation.
  • A sponsor’s brothers and sisters, or half brothers and sisters, are only eligible if they qualify as dependent children.
  • If the financial conditions are met, more than one person or couple can be sponsors.

Super Visa for Parents and Grandparents

Those who do not qualify for the PGP should explore the Parents and Grandparents Super Visa, which permits a parent or grandparent to stay in Canada for up to two years. A super visa allows for up to ten years of numerous entries.

Adopted Children's Immigration through Family Sponsorship

Adopted Children's Immigration Overview

Adopted children of Canadian citizens or permanent residents who meet specific criteria might be sponsored to become permanent residents of Canada.

 

When adopting a kid from another nation, there are two procedures to follow:

The adoption process and the immigration process.

 

The following steps are included in the immigration process:

 

  • Request for sponsorship.
  • Application for the child’s permanent residency.
  • Sponsors can petition for citizenship on the child’s behalf when the child becomes a permanent resident in Canada. However, before the child can be granted citizenship, the adoption must be finalized.

Sponsorship Requirements for Adopted Children

Sponsors who want to adopt a kid from another nation must:

 

  • Be a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident of Canada (if sponsors do not currently reside in Canada, they must do so when the adopted child becomes a permanent resident).
  • Live in Canada.
  • Must be at least 18 years old to participate.

Permanent Residency Requirements:

The sponsor of an adopted kid must meet the following criteria in order for the child to be eligible for permanent residency status:

  • A Canadian citizen submitting an application on behalf of an adopted kid who is under the age of 18 at the time of submission.
  • A person who has been adopted by a Canadian citizen and is 18 years old or older at the time of application.
  • If the child has at least one Canadian parent at the time of adoption, a legal guardian applying on behalf of an adopted child under the age of 18 at the time of application.
  • If the other parent is a Canadian citizen at the time of the adoption, a non-Canadian adoptive parent can apply on behalf of an adopted child under the age of 18 at the time of the application.

Intercountry Adoption Requirements:

 

The majority of intercountry adoptions occur in the child’s home country, with various rules and processes in each situation. Different requirements may apply if you are adopting a child who is related to you.

 

Adoptions of children under the age of 18 are permitted in Canada in two ways. Either the adoption must be completed either outside of Canada or within Canada.

 

All intercountry adoptions must meet the following requirements for immigration purposes:

 

  • Be lawful in both the child’s native nation and the sponsor’s province or territory.
  • Put an end to the adopted child’s legal tie with their biological parents.
  • The sponsor and the child should have a true parent-child bond.
  • Be in the child’s best interests.
  • It should not be the primary goal of the youngster to obtain permanent residency status of child in Canada.

 

Children who have been adopted outside of Canada may be sponsored to travel to Canada if the following conditions are met:

 

  • Both biological parents have provided their informed consent (if they are alive).
  • The child was adopted legally outside of Canada.
  • If the Hague Convention applies, the requirements must have been met.

Immigration for Dependent Children

Dependent children of Canadian citizens or permanent residents who meet specific criteria can be sponsored to become permanent residents of Canada.

 

Who is eligible to sponsor their children who are financially dependent on them?

Sponsors are required to:

  • Be at least 18 years old to participate.
  • Be a Canadian citizen, permanent resident, or an Indian who is registered under the Canadian Indian Act.
  • When the sponsored person(s) become permanent residents, Canadian citizens living outside of Canada must demonstrate that they want to return to Canada.
  • Sponsorship is not possible for permanent residents who live outside of Canada.
  • Be able to demonstrate that they are not on social assistance for reasons other than disability.
  • To be able to meet the fundamental requirements of those who are being sponsored.
  • Be financially responsible for the sponsored person (s).

 

Person you sponsor

Length of undertaking

Dependent child (biological or adopted) or child to be adopted in Canada under 22 years of age.

10 years, or until age 25, whichever comes first

Dependent child 22 years of age or older

3 years

This includes financial aid and the repayment of any social assistance received by the sponsored person(s) during that time.

A sponsorship agreement between the sponsor and the sponsored person(s) is also required:

  • The sponsor will meet the sponsored person’s basic needs (s).
  • The person(s) who are being sponsored will make every effort to sustain themselves and any family members.

 

Minimum Income Requirements:

In most circumstances, there is no necessity for the sponsoring of a dependent kid to have a certain level of income. If a sponsor is sponsoring a dependent child who has one or more dependent children of their own, they just need to establish that they meet the income requirements.

 

Who is eligible for sponsorship?

Children must meet the following criteria to be considered dependents:

  • You must be under the age of 22.
  • Not married or in a common-law relationship.

 

Children who are 22 years old or older must meet the following criteria to be considered dependents:

  • Being unable to support themselves financially due to a mental or physical ailment.
  • Since they were under the age of 22, they have relied on their parents for financial support.

 

If they qualify as a dependent, they can sponsor:

  • Their own child.
  • The kid of a spouse or partner.

 

Candidates must apply under the Family Class if they want to sponsor a dependent kid. These requests are handled outside of Canada.

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